Report by G Kumar
Natural Farming in Kerala – Art
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Organic farming can be called as Eco Farming as it is a way of agriculture that preserves the ecosystem. It echews the use of dangerous chemical substances & fertilizers. Cultured are the Symbiotic life kinds & weed & pest management ensured by this strategy & optimum soil biological activity maintains fertility.
Agriculture in Kerala is caught in in between the devil and the deep blue sea. Kerala is going back to her traditional Natural Farming right after her hundreds of farmers had learnt the bitter lessons of ” Chemical Farming ” and mono cropping hitherto practised as ” Scientific Agriculture “. The Dept of Agriculture is now marketing the production of Natural Meals by launching ” Jaiva Kerala ” ( The Natural Sustainability of Kerala ). The Confederation of Indian Market & a handful of Tourism Groups are branding ” Gods’s Own Nation”, as the Tourism Sector calls Kerala, a ” Safe Meals Location”.
It is paradoxical that the United States, a planet leader in transgenic technologies, is the largest importer of natural foods, followed by the European Union. The ” Natural Craze ” is spreading globally. The international market place for organic herbal plants ( $ 14 b ) is increasing at twenty% and will be a $ five trillion by 2050 according to the Planet Wellness Organisation ( http://www.who.org/ ). The worldwide trade in meals dietary supplements and processed herbal medicines is $ 60 billion. Despite her immense likely, India has not benefited considerably from the export of herbal medicines or natural meals. A meagre Rs 90 crores is India’s export of organic food whilst her export of herbal medicine fetches Rs 2300 crores.
Use of bio-fertilisers rather of chemicals is the way of Natural Farming. In Marappanmoola village in Pulpally panchayat of Wayanad district, 454 tiny and medium farmers in the village owning on an typical less than two hectares of land have organized themselves & they now cultivate a mixed variety of crops such as pepper, coffee, cardamom, coconut, areacanut, tubers, vegetables, cashew nut, nutmeg, rice etc. From the poultry & piggery units, they now gather the wastes and turn them into Biogas for the kitchen and manure for the field. Use the sap of chrysanthemum and marigold for chemical insecticides have become the order of the day.
A Cooperative Society, Highland Farmers’ Cooperative Society, has been formed ( Hicos ) to consider on the problems of conversion from chemical to natural farming by the farmers of Marappanmoola. 500 hectares have been declard to be ‘Organic Farming Zone’. Even now the create is offered at a hefty 25% premium costs in the domestic market place through weekly markets and export enquriries are on the rise. This organic Farm Movement is marketplace driven and the premium price obtainable in the external markets in the potential is a major source of inspiration. A 50 grams pack of natural white pepper fetches $ 4 in the U S Industry as against $ one.5 in the domestic market.
Success in Marappanmoola
1 of the pioneers of the Organic Farm Movement, Jose K, says that people derisively laughed at the Movement initially. The Movement is now spreading in Wayanad, the residence of the popular Kerala spices, particularly ginger and black pepper. The other key crops of the District are Tea & Coffee and in excess of 80% of agriculture is dependent on the foreign markets.
Networking is the important to Achievement of the Movement, as 74% of the cultivated land in Kerala is owned by small farmers. The Self Aid Groups now use vermicompost, natural manure and pest manage answers which are created by them. Earlier a shortage of these natural substitutes made them heavily dependent on chemical farming. Even the girls engaged in the manufacturing and marketing and advertising of vegetables hold up the morale and insist on Risk-free Foods in the kitchen.
One more downside with Chemical Farming was that the soil was destroyed by hefty chemical inputs, when the charges of pepper perked up ( It had gone upto 260 per kilo ). Excessive application of chemical compounds during that boom lowered soil fertility and wiped out the insects useful from the farms so that the common yield of pepper nosedived to 80 kgs per hectare from 500 kg per hectare. Several a farmer committed suicide as a outcome. Hazardous certainly, in the long run, is chemical farming!
Jaivakeralam – The Organic Sustainability of Kerala
The State Agriculture Division has now performed 300 education programms to setup Collection Centers for Organic Produce. Not only the farmers and consumers have to be educated but also the scientific “elite”, the bureaucrats and the technologists, as ” the indifferent frame of mind of the Scientific Local community ” has been recognised as a major impediment in the State Policy Document.
A Investigation Station at Aralam in Cannanore, three zonal sub-centers and regional labs with facilities for soil and make residue evaluation has been planned by the Government under the Jaivakerlam Programme. Development of the domestic market for Natural Foods through a chain of supermarkets and a gradual withdrawing of State assistance on chemical inputs and so on has been planned. The Government’s function is that of the faciliator, forming farmers’ generating firms to manage the affairs by themselves. Three Districts, Wynad, Idukki and Palghat will be declared as Organic Farming Zones. Crops which will be highlighted will be the scented rice varieties of Wynad, Malabar spices and several types of tubers. A lot more info can be gathered at Kerala Govt’s official web site http://www.kissankerala.net/
There are doubting Thomases who argue against the whole Motion. S Usha of Thana, a green ( atmosphere group who had been in the forefront of combating against aerial spraying of Endosulphan in the cashew plantations of Kerala, doubt whether or not the thrust on export & global certification will lessen the complete exercise to contract farming for global agri organizations.
If the sale of chemical inputs by way of measures such as a prescription method is limited legally, it will do a globe of good for Natural Farming. Plants ought to be handled as human beings.
Natural versus Transgenic
It is Natural Farming vs Transgenic Engineering which is the vital situation in Kerala Agriculture. The Activity Force on Application of Biotechnology has recommended conserving ” Natural Farming Zones ” and at the exact same time promotes Transgenic Tech! This has attracted criticism from specialists who argue that the two forms of Agriculture cannot coexist together.
Even though organic agriculture accounts for a negligible portion of the country’s complete farm produce, India’s natural farm produce has already identified markets abroad. The Indian Govt has declared only 5347 farms covering 37050 hectares as Organic, regardless of a lot of the nation practising the standard program of Organic Farming.
Study demonstrates the Natural Farming assures far better yield and fetches far more income. A paper by David Tilman in Nature 396 showed that not only have been the yields of natural maize as large as those of maize grown with fertilizers & pesticides, but the soil high quality in the organic fields enhanced substantially. Field trials in Hertfordshire reported consistently greater yeilds of wheat with bio manure. Farmers in India, Kenya, Brazil & Gautemala have tripled yields by switing to Organic Farming, according to Prof Jules Rather of Essex University.
About the Writer
Report by G Kumar, astrologer, writer & programmer of
www.eastrovedica.com. He has 25 years psychic analysis
expertise in the esoteric arts. He provides cost-free suggestions at
http://www.eastrovedica.net and stock market investment
assistance can be received at http://www.stockmarketastrology.com
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